Sudan’s new prime minister, Abdalla Hamdok, was sworn in on Wednesday as leader of a transitional government, and he vowed to make achieving peace and solving the country’s economic crisis a priority. The appointment of the renowned economist came as General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the outgoing head of the military council, was sworn in as leader of the new Sovereign Council that will run the country for three years until an election after decades of autocratic rule.
Sudan’s ruling military council and a coalition of opposition and protest groups have agreed to share power for three years and then hold elections, in a deal that brought thousands of people onto the streets to celebrate. The deal has revived hopes for a peaceful transition of power in a nation plagued by internal conflicts and a deepening economic crisis in the wake of nearly three decades of rule by Omar al-Bashir, who was ousted in April.
Tens of thousands of protesters took to the streets in Sudan’s capital and elsewhere in the country Sunday calling for civilian rule nearly three months after the army forced out long-ruling autocrat Omar al-Bashir. A government official said at least seven people had been killed and nearly 200 injured during the demonstrations. The protests came amid a weekslong standoff between the ruling military council and protest leaders.
Sudan’s military leaders have called for elections and canceled all previous agreements with the main opposition coalition a day after heavily armed paramilitaries attacked a protest camp in the capital, Khartoum. Talks between the ruling military council and the Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces (DFCF) alliance, a pro-reform coalition, broke down last month after weeks of negotiations. The transitional military council (TMC) took power in April after ousting president Omar al-Bashir after 30 years of brutal, repressive rule.
Sudanese security forces attacked a protest camp in the capital Monday, opening fire, torching tents and killing at least 13 people, as they cleared away the months-old sit-in that was demanding the military yield power, witnesses and protest leaders said. By mid-day, security forces controlled almost the entire camp, pushing out protesters and sealing off the 2-square-kilometer (nearly 1 square mile) area, two protesters said. The camp has been the epicenter of a protest movement that first succeeded in forcing the overthrow of Sudan’s long-time strongman Omar al-Bashir in April.
The leader of Sudan’s interim military council has vowed to “uproot the regime” two days after a military coup. Speaking on TV, Lt-Gen Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan announced the restructuring of state institutions, the end of a night curfew and the release of political prisoners. Protests continue despite the ousting of long-time leader Omar al-Bashir. Demonstrators have demanded an immediate move to civilian rule and vow to stay in the streets. The army would maintain “peace, order and security” across Sudan during an already announced transition period that would last at most two years until elections could be and civilian rule introduced, he added.
Sudan’s military has overthrown and arrested President Omar al-Bashir after months of protests against his nearly 30-year rule. In a statement on Thursday, General Awad Ibn Auf, head of the Supreme Security Committee – a body comprised of the armed forces, police, and other security agencies – said al-Bashir had been taken to a “safe place” after the “toppling of the regime” and also announced the formation of a military-led transitional government, which will rule for two years.
Heavy gunfire has been heard outside the army headquarters in the Sudanese capital Khartoum where thousands of protesters have been holding a sit-in for the third night in a row. They are calling for the resignation of President Omar al-Bashir. Witnesses reported seeing people running for cover after the shooting began. Earlier, tear-gas was fired. It appears to be the latest attempt by government security agents to break up the protests. At least two soldiers are reported to have died since the demonstrations outside the army HQ began on Saturday.
At least eight protesters were killed during conflicts with armed police in northern and eastern Sudan. A state of emergency and overnight curfew were instated following the deaths in eastern Sudan. Protests are taking place against bread and fuel price increases. Demonstrations began on Wednesday and escalated to violence resulting in deaths.