The World Food Programme (WFP) has won the 2020 Nobel peace prize for its efforts to combat hunger and to improve conditions for peace in conflict areas. In its citation, the committee praised the WFP for its “efforts for combating hunger” and its “contribution to creating peace in conflicted-affected areas”. The agency acted “as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict”, it said.
Two women scientists won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry on Wednesday for creating genetic ‘scissors’ that can rewrite the code of life, contributing to new cancer therapies and holding out the prospect of curing hereditary diseases. Emmanuelle Charpentier, who is French, and American Jennifer Doudna share the 10 million Swedish crown ($1.1 million) prize for developing the CRISPR/Cas9 tool to edit the DNA of animals, plants and microorganisms with precision.
Americans Harvey J. Alter and Charles M. Rice and British-born scientist Michael Houghton won the Nobel Prize for medicine on Monday for their discovery of the hepatitis C virus, a major source of liver disease that affects millions worldwide. Announcing the prize in Stockholm, the Nobel Committee noted that the trio’s work identified a major source of blood-borne hepatitis that couldn’t be explained by the previously discovered hepatitis A and B viruses.
The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed who made peace last year with bitter foe Eritrea. He was awarded the prize for his efforts to “achieve peace and international cooperation”. Mr Abiy’s peace deal with Eritrea ended a 20-year military stalemate following their 1998-2000 border war. He was named as the winner of the 100th Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo.
Canadian Donna Strickland was awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics. Strickland is the first woman to take the prize in Physics in 55 years and just the third woman in history to be awarded the Physics prize. She shares the 2018 prize with American Arthur Askin and French Gerard Mourou. It recognizes their discoveries in the field of laser physics.
The 2018 Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to American James Allison and Japanese Tasuku Honjo. The pair’s research on how the body’s immune system can attack cancer cells was a ‘landmark in our fight against cancer’ according to the committee and ‘has fundamentally changed the way we view how cancer can be managed.’
One of the winners of this year’s Nobel Prize for economics says she hopes her achievement will inspire other women to take up the subject. Esther Duflo is only the second woman to win the prize – the first was Elinor Ostrom in 2009 – since it began in 1969. The 46-year-old is also the youngest person to win the prestigious award.
A Canadian-American cosmologist and two Swiss scientists won this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday for their work in understanding how the universe has evolved from the Big Bang and the blockbuster discovery of the first known planet outside our solar system. On Monday, Americans William G. Kaelin Jr. and Gregg L. Semenza and Britain’s Peter J. Ratcliffe won the Nobel prize for Physiology or Medicine.
The 2017 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Richard H. Thaler for his contributions to the establishment that people’s’ behavior is predictably irrational. Thaler’s book, “Nudge,” about decision-making was a best-seller. He made strides in teaching economists to take human behavior into account, and convincing governments to take heed of economics.
The 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to 3 American scientists who discovered the existence of gravitational waves, originally predicted by Albert Einstein. The scientists were architects of LIGO, the wave detection tool, and leaders of the organization which analyzed the data. A Nobel committee representative called it ‘a discovery that shook the world.’