Donald Trump spoke directly to the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, on Monday to demand an immediate ceasefire in Syria while announcing a series of punishments for Ankara. The US president’s conversation with Erdoğan was revealed by the vice-president, Mike Pence. “The United States of America did not give a green light for Turkey to invade Syria,” Pence insisted to reporters at the White House.
Riot police engaged in a running battle with angry protesters outside Barcelona’s airport Monday after Spain’s Supreme Court convicted 12 separatist leaders of illegally promoting the wealthy Catalonia region’s independence and sentenced nine of them to prison. Officers fired foam bullets and used batons against thousands of protesters who converged on the airport after the verdict was announced in Madrid.
Margaret Atwood and Bernardine Evaristo have been named the joint winners of the 2019 Booker Prize after the judges broke their rules by declaring a tie. Atwood’s The Testaments, the Canadian writer’s follow-up to The Handmaid’s Tale, was recognised alongside Londoner Evaristo’s novel Girl, Woman, Other. The pair will split the literary award’s £50,000 prize money equally.
One of the winners of this year’s Nobel Prize for economics says she hopes her achievement will inspire other women to take up the subject. Esther Duflo is only the second woman to win the prize – the first was Elinor Ostrom in 2009 – since it began in 1969. The 46-year-old is also the youngest person to win the prestigious award.
The House Intelligence Committee and one of Rudy Giuliani’s associates have reached “an understanding” for now to avoid a closed-door deposition over any knowledge he may have of Giuliani’s efforts to push the Ukrainian government to open an investigation into former Vice President Joe Biden, according to the associate’s attorney. The committee had scheduled a deposition with Semyon Kislin, the Giuliani associate, for Monday.